What is CBD?

What is CBD?

The first cannabis harvest comes with more than 6,000 years ago in China. This plant produces more than 400 natural substances, two basic groups of molecules with biologically active properties-терпены and cannabinoids. CBD belongs to this last Category.

What is CBD?

Cannabinoids are compounds that interact with the human nervous system through the endocannabinoid system (SEC). The hemp plant contains dozens of cannabinoids, where THC, CBD and CBD are most common. These molecules differ in chemical structure and effects.

Many people believe that the CBD has many therapeutic properties and can also be used as daily supplements to promote homeostasis. While it is useful for our overall health, CBD does not have the psychotropic properties of cousin THC.

What are the differences between CBD and THC?

CBD means cannabidiol, while THC is for tetrahydrocannabinol. Both cannabinoids are cultivated cannabis and hemp plants. The main difference between CBD and THC is that the First does not create the effects of psychotropic drugs. As a result, CBD is legal in most countries, while THC does not. Interestingly, CBD may reduce the Psychoactive effects of THC, thereby reducing its ability to binding to cannabinoid receptors CB1.

What are the differences between CBD and THC?

Differences between CBD and THC


Not psychoactive: does not cause changes in consumers.
No known side effects.
This helps to suppress the psychoactive effects of THC.
This is legal in most countries.


psychoactive: causes changes in consumers.
It creates side effects such as paranoia and anxiety.
The effects are comparable to psychosis.
This is illegal in most countries.

The human nervous system contains a large number of receptors. Mobile antenna receptors that receive and transmit signals. Just as the relay receives a certain electromagnetic wave as a signal, receptors also use specific molecules to send their messages.

One of these systems is the endocannabinoid system (SEC). SEC receptors are distributed in the brain and CNS (including the spinal cord and nerves). In the brain, these receptors are located in the areas responsible for perception, attention, memory and movement. Therefore, the SEC is involved in the regulation of many physiological processes, including a feeling of pain, mood and appetite.

The two main SEC receptors are called CB1 and CB2. These receptors bind to molecules produced in our body, called endocannabinoids. 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) is a significant one that binds to CB1 and CB2 receptors. CBD, of plant origin, is not directly related to these receptors, regardless of the fact that it can reproduce some effects of 2-AG.

According to the study, CBD will have anti-inflammatory, anti-properties. In addition, it can also help relieve daily stress and strengthen the nervous system.

Biology and chemistry of CBD

Local varieties of cannabis sativa (also known as” landrace”) are an important source of many natural substances, including THC and CBD. Exactly so, as well as many other species of plants that were chosen by the person for the acquisition of specific molecules in large quantities, cannabis sativa was also selectively for different purposes. These processes turned out to be an original plant, dividing into individual varieties with different properties. Hemp for industrial applications and for the production of high concentrations of CBD and minimal THC.

Biology and chemistry of CBD

THC and CBD are closely linked to other plant-based compounds, such as lemon and menthol, present in seeds, turmeric and mustard Instagram. Terpenes are large classes of natural molecules commonly used in traditional for their aromatic properties. In addition, they play an important role in traditional natural herbal remedies.

THC and CBD are produced by the same process as biosynthesis. In other words, they are formed from the same precursor molecule as cannabigerol acid or CBGA. When the precursor is available, the CBDA synthase enzyme creates an additional ethereal bond and converts CBGA to CBDA, which after decarboxylation turns into active CBD. Parallel enzyme THCA synthase converts CBGA to precursor THC, THCA.


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